The Scope of Global Hunger
The new State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013 report, jointly published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Program (WPF), and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) was issued last week. The report concluded that one in eight people around the world—some 842 million people—are chronically undernourished. While this represents an improvement from the peak in the early 1990s, the FAO warns that the world will fall short of meeting the Millennium Development Goal of halving the prevalence of global hunger by 2015. The report also concluded that landlocked countries and countries that had experienced conflict during the past two decades faced higher levels of hunger, while those that combined social policies and other measures to increase the income of the poor had lower levels of hunger. Higher remittance levels were also positively correlated with lower levels of hunger. Geographically, Asia remains home to the world’s largest number of hungry people, but Africa has the highest proportion of the world’s hungry, with one in five people being undernourished.